This research ultimately sought to understand from a smallholder coffee farmer’s perspective the influential factors leading to the decision to adopt an innovation on his or her farm. It reflects the results of key informant and expert interviews, secondary data and observational fieldwork gathered to understand Costa Rican smallholder coffee producers behaviors, perceptions, knowledge and factors influencing their decision to adopt innovations on their farm. Decision-making is a dynamic and complex process that is ultimately best explained through the individual’s descriptive experiences. Chapter five presents the conclusions, implications and recommendations for the five different research questions from the collected data presented in chapter four.

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