Share

2018

Annual, biological rhythms govern milk production in dairy cows
December 20, 2018
The amount and composition of milk produced by dairy cows appears to be more regulated by internal, annual biological rhythms than by environmental factors such as heat and humidity, according to Penn State researchers who studied more than a decade of production records from herds across the country.
Unique graduate student cohort will explore gender and agriculture
December 19, 2018
Faculty in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences are spearheading an initiative that will provide selected doctoral students with the opportunity for extensive study on gender and its relationship to agricultural production.
Recruiting ants to fight weeds on the farm
December 18, 2018
Harvester ants that eat weed seeds on the soil's surface can help farmers manage weeds on their farms, according to an international team of researchers, who found that tilling less to preserve the ants could save farmers fuel and labor costs, as well as preserve water and improve soil quality.
Biodegradable, edible film kills pathogens on seafood
December 17, 2018
A biodegradable, edible film made with plant starch and antimicrobial compounds may control the growth of foodborne pathogens on seafood, according to a group of international researchers.
Interdisciplinary research proves essential when working on Food-Energy-Water
December 13, 2018
Penn State researchers from all disciplines are getting involved in the Food-Energy-Water (FEW) nexus. Considering the intricate nature of FEW, many researchers believe that an interdisciplinary approach is critical.
Research team discovers oldest known plant virus at ancient settlement
December 13, 2018
Researchers studying ancient corncobs found at a Native American archeological site have recovered a 1,000-year-old virus, the oldest plant virus ever reported.
Increasing riparian buffers to improve state's water quality
December 11, 2018
The Chesapeake Bay is being polluted, and Pennsylvania is a big reason why, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. To identify ways to reduce Pennsylvania’s impact on the bay, Penn State researchers led a workshop to identify ways to accelerate the planting of riparian buffers, a known solution to this issue.
Grant will support grain bin safety research at Penn State
December 4, 2018
A $160,000 grant awarded to Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences will support research aimed at reducing the potential for injury and death due to grain bin entrapment.
Penn State root research results in breeding of improved bean plants for Africa
November 28, 2018
In the culmination of more than a decade of research on root traits conducted by Penn State plant scientists, about three tons of seed for common bean plants specifically bred to thrive in the barren soils of Mozambique will be distributed there Dec. 11.
Broadband researcher believes lack of access offers opportunity
November 20, 2018
As a yearlong effort to study broadband access in Pennsylvania nears its conclusion, the Penn State faculty member leading the effort sees numerous opportunities. The overwhelming amount of data documenting that relatively few residents of the Commonwealth have access to even the FCC-mandated minimum for measuring internet availability and speed, opens up options for accessing grants to bridge the digital divide.
Penn State creates model nutrient management plan for Bay drainage golf courses
November 19, 2018
Lost Creek Golf Club in Juniata County is unusual because a high quality, extremely productive wild trout stream runs through it, and Penn State turfgrass scientists recently developed a nutrient management plan for the course to protect the creek.
Color coded — matching taste with color
November 15, 2018
Color can impact the taste of food, and our experiences and expectations can affect how we taste food, according to Penn State researchers, who suggest this may have implications for how food and beverage industries should market their products.
Penn State food safety experts to help make Ethiopian dairy food supply safer
November 14, 2018
Food safety specialists in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences will collaborate with scientists at Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia and Kansas State University on a project to improve the safety and quality of Ethiopian dairy foods.
'Scaring' soybeans into defensive mode yields better plants a generation later
November 13, 2018
By temporarily silencing the expression of a critical gene, researchers fooled soybean plants into sensing they were under siege, encountering a wide range of stresses. Then, after selectively cross breeding those plants with the original stock, the progeny "remember" the stress-induced responses to become more vigorous, resilient and productive plants, according to a team of researchers.
Anopheles mosquitoes could spread Mayaro virus in U.S., other diverse regions
November 12, 2018
Mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles are well known as primary vectors of malaria. But a new study suggests that Anopheles species, including some found in the United States, also are capable of carrying and transmitting an emerging pathogen, Mayaro virus, which has caused outbreaks of disease in South America and the Caribbean.
Grant supports research to combat white-nose syndrome in bats
November 12, 2018
Penn State research aimed at combating white-nose syndrome in bats has received funding from the Bats for the Future Fund. Virologist Marilyn Roossinck, professor of plant pathology and environmental microbiology in the College of Agricultural Sciences, received a grant of more than $263,000 to study how a virus that infects the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome influences the virulence of the fungus
Gates Foundation grant to support research on satellite crop surveillance
November 9, 2018
A research team in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences has received a Grand Challenges Explorations grant — an initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Re-Imagining Energy: Catching Carbon
November 9, 2018
Penn State researchers are working on new technology to capture CO2 before it gets into the atmosphere and either sequester it or use it to create new products. Part three of a five-part series.
Go West for animal agriculture in Pennsylvania
November 5, 2018
To comply with nutrient-reduction goals in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, Pennsylvania may want to consider the establishment of animal agriculture operations in the western part of the state, according to a team of Penn State researchers.
Farmers market vendors need training to improve food-safety practices
November 1, 2018
Many vendors at farmers markets take inadequate precautions to prevent the spread of foodborne illness, and they should be trained to reduce food-safety risks, according to Penn State researchers who completed the final phase of an innovative five-year study.
Graduate Student Competitive Grants Program
October 25, 2018
The College of Agricultural Sciences Graduate Student Competitive Grant Program is sponsored by the College of Agricultural Science’s Office for Research and Graduate Education. This program is a unique opportunity available to graduate students advised by College of Agricultural Sciences (CAS) faculty. The program serves as professional development for all CAS graduate students by providing funds to support master or doctoral research. It is anticipated that up to $40,000 will be awarded during this funding cycle.
Climate change not main driver of amphibian decline
October 25, 2018
While a warming climate in recent decades may be a factor in the waning of some local populations of frogs, toads, newts and salamanders, it cannot explain the overall steep decline of amphibians, according to researchers.
Teams sought to develop innovative research programs using Twitter data
October 15, 2018
Penn State’s Social Science Research Institute (SSRI) is seeking teams to develop innovative research programs using Twitter data. Proposals are invited for pilot projects aimed at using Twitter data in social science research.
Chewing gum may be effective for delivering vitamins
October 9, 2018
Nearly 15 percent of all chewing gum varieties sold promise to provide health-enhancing supplements to users, so Penn State researchers studied whether two vitamin-supplemented products were effective at delivering vitamins to the body. Their results validate the concept of gum as an effective delivery system for at least some vitamins.
2018/2019 Strategic Networks and Initiatives Program Grants
October 4, 2018
The Office of Research and Graduate Education is soliciting proposals for the Strategic Networks and Initiatives Program (SNIP) at three levels of grants. At all levels, funding will be awarded to collaborative interdisciplinary teams seeking to investigate focused research problems in pursuit of large-scale extramural grant opportunities.
Penn State trustee's gifts to create ag sci professorship, medical scholarship
October 2, 2018
During a Sept. 30 ceremony held at the residence of Penn State President Eric Barron, Penn State trustee Keith E. Masser and his wife, Helen E. Masser, signed documents to create a professorship in the Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences and a scholarship in the Penn State College of Medicine.
Biofilm reactor promises to cut production costs on vitamin K
October 2, 2018
In an innovative study that promises to reduce production costs for the most potent form of vitamin K — Menaquinone-7, Penn State researchers have developed a novel method to enhance the fermentation process that creates the supplement by agitated liquid fermentation in a biofilm reactor.
Forest expert: Expect foliage display to be late, muted
September 27, 2018
Warm, wet weather is predicted to continue through the rest of September and most of October in the mid-Atlantic, Northeast and Great Lakes regions, and those soggy conditions likely will result in a subdued foliage display, according to a Penn State forest expert.
Jacobson named first Global Faculty Fellow in College of Agricultural Sciences
September 27, 2018
A longtime champion of global engagement will serve as the first Global Faculty Fellow in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences. Michael Jacobson, professor of forest resources in the Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, will help lead the college's Ag2Africa programming, as well as collaborate with Penn State's Office of Global Programs in its efforts to build a Water, Energy, Food Systems (WEFS) initiative in Africa.
R&D-heavy firms thrive in diverse economies
September 25, 2018
Companies that invest heavily in research and development are more likely to benefit from locating near dissimilar businesses, while companies that invest less in technology are better off near businesses in their own industry, according to new research by a team of economists. The findings can help business owners and policy makers design better business strategies and economic policies.
Microbiome Center to host networking event Oct. 2
September 25, 2018
Those interested in learning about or participating in microbiome research at Penn State are invited to attend a networking event sponsored by the University's Microbiome Research Center. The gathering will take place at 4:30 p.m. on Oct. 2 in the Huck Life Sciences Building, third floor bridge. The goal of the event is to facilitate collaborations and new ideas. Prizes will be given for the best poster and lightning talks.
Fruit research and extension projects receive funding from industry groups
September 21, 2018
The State Horticultural Association of Pennsylvania and the Pennsylvania Apple Program recently awarded nearly $233,000 in funding to support new and ongoing fruit research and extension projects in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
Penn State Fine Flavor Cacao Visiting Scientist Program 2018-2019
September 20, 2018
With support from the U.S. Department of Agriculture - Foreign Agricultural Service, the Cacao and Chocolate Research Network (CCRN) at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) is pleased to announce the 2019-2020 Visiting Scientist Program. The program will support five visiting scientists to work with Penn State faculty and international collaborators to advance research that is critical to the development of the fine flavor cacao/chocolate industry in Latin America and the Caribbean. These visiting scientists will spend six months at Penn State or at a partner institution working on one of the following topic areas: advanced sensory evaluation, the fine flavor cacao market, or issues related to cadmium accumulation in cacao. Exchanges will take place within the January 2019 to May 2020 timeframe, with exact dates to be determined jointly by the visiting scientist and his/her Penn State faculty mentor.
Plant science faculty member named Styer Professor
September 20, 2018
Mark Guiltinan, professor of plant molecular biology in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences, recently was named the J. Franklin Styer Professor of Horticultural Botany.
Andrew Read named director of the Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences
September 20, 2018
Andrew Read has been appointed director of the Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences at Penn State effective Jan. 1, 2019. Read is an Evan Pugh University Professor of Biology and Entomology, Eberly Professor of Biotechnology and director of the Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics.
2017-18 NSF I-Corps invent teams selected
September 19, 2018
Twelve entrepreneurial teams from Penn State have been selected to participate in the National Science Foundation I-Corps program. The teams receive up to $3,000, which can be used to attend industry trade shows, visit potential customers, develop prototypes and cover customer discovery expenses.
Searching for chocolate’s roots, and enemies, in Colombia’s wilderness
September 18, 2018
A newfound peace has spurred the hunt for disease-resistant wild cacao within the nation’s borders. What scientists find could help the country expand its role in the global trade.
Few hatchery brook trout genes present in Pa. watershed wild fish
September 18, 2018
Despite many decades of annual brook trout stocking in one northcentral Pennsylvania watershed, the wild brook trout populations show few genes from hatchery fish, according to researchers who genotyped about 2,000 brook trout in Loyalsock Creek watershed, a 500-square-mile drainage in Lycoming and Sullivan counties celebrated by anglers for its trout fishing.
Penn State research expenditures rise to record $927 million
September 14, 2018
Penn State’s research expenditures reached a record high for the second consecutive year in fiscal year 2017-2018, according to Vice President for Research Neil Sharkey. The $927 million total represents a $64 million increase over last year’s figure, and includes a record $562 million in federal funds and $365 million from a combination of private funders, the Commonwealth, and University sources.
Communicating science in a post-truth world
September 13, 2018
For scientists who dedicate years of time, energy and resources to their research, they can find that sharing their knowledge through the media can be challenging.
Entomology professors honored by Entomological Society of America
September 13, 2018
Two professors in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences have been lauded for their significant contributions to the field of entomology by the Entomological Society of America: Christina M. Grozinger and Margarita López-Uribe.
Conservation dairy farming could help Pa. meet Chesapeake target
September 13, 2018
If the majority of dairy farms in Pennsylvania fully adopt conservation best-management practices, the state may be able to achieve its total maximum daily load water-quality target for the Chesapeake Bay, according to researchers.
Seed grants to support opioid research announced
September 13, 2018
Penn State’s Social Science Research Institute (SSRI), in collaboration with the Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI) has awarded over $200,000 in funding to support 10 new interdisciplinary teams of Penn State researchers whose work is aimed at combating the opioid epidemic.
Rural and urban communities need different policies to boost economic mobility
September 11, 2018
The farther away from a city a person is raised, the more likely they are to climb the economic ladder, according to economists, who also found that community characteristics associated with upward mobility actually have different effects in rural and urban locations.
NSF funds $3 million graduate training program focused on Food-Energy-Water
September 10, 2018
The National Science Foundation has awarded a $3 million grant to an interdisciplinary team of Penn State researchers to create a new graduate program that will train students to find solutions to real-world problems facing Food-Energy-Water (FEW) systems.
Soil could filter antibiotics from treated wastewater, protecting groundwater
September 10, 2018
Soil may be a natural filter that can act as a tertiary treatment for wastewater, preventing antibiotics from contaminating groundwater, according to researchers who conducted a study at Penn State's Living Filter.
Goddard Forum's inaugural Pa. One Health Symposium focuses on zoonotic diseases
September 7, 2018
A unique gathering of physicians, veterinarians, ecologists and conservationists took place in Hershey recently with the goal of improving human, animal, plant and ecosystem health in Pennsylvania.
Fall Research Unplugged speaker series to offer weekly talks starting Oct. 4
September 7, 2018
Research Unplugged, the popular series of stimulating conversation with Penn State researchers, returns to Schlow Centre Region Library in October.
Rural Studies Student Conference set for Nov. 1-2 at University Park
September 7, 2018
The Rural Sociology Graduate Association at Penn State will host its sixth annual Rural Studies Student Conference on Nov. 1-2 in the Oak Building at University Park. Deadline to submit abstracts is Sept. 28.
Faculty invited to apply for Penn State Security Center Fellows Program
August 30, 2018
Penn State’s Center for Security Research and Education (CSRE) invites Penn State faculty to apply for the CSRE Faculty Fellows Program. The deadline for spring 2019 applications is Nov. 1.
Security Center announces seed grant opportunities for Penn State researchers
August 28, 2018
The Center for Security Research and Education (CSRE) at Penn State is announcing its 2018-2019 Seed Grant Program to support security-related scholarship and educational programs at Penn State. University faculty and researchers are eligible to apply in the fall 2018 semester by Nov. 1, or in the spring 2019 semester by Feb. 15.
Doctoral student in plant science recipient of inaugural FFAR Fellow Award
August 28, 2018
Zachary Dashner, a doctoral student in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences, was one of 17 recipients chosen by the Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research, or FFAR, to receive the inaugural FFAR Fellow Award.
Lake Erie Grape Research and Extension Center to host open house Sept. 15
August 28, 2018
The Penn State Lake Erie Regional Grape Research and Extension Center will hold a public open house in September.
Farmer Field School addresses food insecurity, gender inequality in Honduras
August 27, 2018
Studying for her dual-title doctoral degree in rural sociology and in international agriculture and development at Penn State, Paige Castellanos learned about the plight of families living in western Honduras, where many eke out a living in an economy marked by high poverty rates and subsistence agriculture.
Plant virus alters competition between aphid species
August 22, 2018
In the world of plant-feeding insects, who shows up first to the party determines the overall success of the gathering; yet viruses can disrupt these intricate relationships, according to researchers at Penn State.
Penn State professor lends expertise to revise national poultry publication
August 22, 2018
A faculty member in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences is among a select group entrusted with updating a publication that is deemed the global "gold standard" of poultry nutrition information for academia, government and industry.
Pa. Turfgrass Council names graduate fellowships for three turfgrass icons
August 21, 2018
n addition to being nationally recognized figures in their fields, Paul Latshaw, Matthew Shaffer and Andrew McNitt have something else in common: They are all alumni of Penn State turfgrass programs. To honor their contributions to the turfgrass and sports surface industries, the Pennsylvania Turfgrass Council recently established three graduate fellowships in the College of Agricultural Sciences’ Department of Plant Science.
Link found between bitter-taste sensitivity and cancer risk
August 18, 2018
High bitter-taste sensitivity is associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer in older British women, according to researchers who conducted a unique study of 5,500 women whose diet, lifestyle and health has been tracked for about 20 years.
Using mushrooms as a prebiotic may help improve glucose regulation
August 16, 2018
Eating white button mushrooms can create subtle shifts in the microbial community in the gut, which could improve the regulation of glucose in the liver, according to a team of researchers. They also suggest that better understanding this connection between mushrooms and gut microbes in mice could one day pave the way for new diabetes treatments and prevention strategies for people.
Using social media to solve social problems
August 16, 2018
Social scientists rely on data to study social problems. However, data from traditional surveys can be difficult and time consuming to collect, as well as inaccurate, since not all factors can be measured well. A National Science Foundation-funded Penn State project will evaluate the accuracy of using Twitter data to represent populations across different demographic groups.
Research commercialization leader joins College of Agricultural Sciences
August 10, 2018
Maria Spencer has joined the Entrepreneurship & Innovation team in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences as the first John and Patty Warehime Entrepreneur in Residence.
New technology improves CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing in mosquitoes, other species
August 9, 2018
A technology designed to improve CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing in mosquitoes and other arthropods succeeds with a high degree of efficiency, while eliminating the need for difficult microinjection of genetic material, according to researchers.
Surviving large carnivores have far-reaching impact
August 8, 2018
Anywhere large-bodied mammalian carnivore species are present, other, smaller carnivores are less likely to occur, according to an international team of researchers that conducted the first global assessment of carnivore interactions using camera trap data. "Large carnivores are imperiled," said David Miller, associate professor of wildlife population ecology, Penn State, whose research group in the College of Agricultural Sciences led the study. "We were able to see that this finding, with large-bodied-carnivore species, held around the globe."
Well-being of 'left behind' children in Kyrgyzstan focus of study
August 6, 2018
Growing up can be hard no matter what a family's circumstances, but it is often more so for children living in the Kyrgyz Republic in Central Asia, one of the poorest countries in the world, known for its dry environment, high mountains, nomadic culture and animal-husbandry heritage.
Penn State helps to assemble expert task force to combat spotted lanternfly
August 6, 2018
As a grape and hop integrated pest management specialist in New York state, Tim Weigle has been keenly following news about the spotted lanternfly's invasion of neighboring Pennsylvania and the considerable harm it is inflicting on agricultural crops. For that reason, he readily accepted an invitation to join a multistate, interdisciplinary task force of more than 80 university, regulatory and agricultural industry representatives assembled to fight the looming threat, led by Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
College of Agricultural Sciences students awarded NIFA fellowships
August 2, 2018
Eight graduate students in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences are among the 101 recipients of fellowships from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA).
Gluttonous grubs: Insecticide efficacy in turfgrass is focus of study
July 31, 2018
Lack of "cute factor" aside, what athletic field managers, golf course superintendents and homeowners find most repulsive about these tiny beetle larvae is their voracious appetite for grass roots, and the insidious way they go about satisfying their craving, feeding below the surface, undetected for months.
Small amounts of pharmaceuticals found in north central Pa. rural well water
July 31, 2018
Drinking water from wells in rural north central Pennsylvania had low levels of pharmaceuticals, according to a study led by Penn State researchers. Partnering with volunteers in Penn State Extension's Pennsylvania Master Well Owner Network, researchers tested water samples from 26 households with private wells in nine counties in the basin of the West Branch of the Susquehanna River. All samples were analyzed for seven over-the-counter and prescription pharmaceuticals: acetaminophen, ampicillin, caffeine, naproxen, ofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim.
Pollinator Panic: Interdisciplinary team creates pollinator education video game
July 27, 2018
Communicating the intricate structure of pollinator communities can be a difficult task, but thanks to a collaboration between the School of Visual Arts and the Center for Pollinator Research at Penn State, there is a new tool that could have success both inside and outside of the classroom.
Poor mental health days may cost the economy billions of dollars
July 19, 2018
Poor mental health ranks as one of the costliest forms of sickness for U.S. workers and may sap billions of dollars from the country's income growth, according to a team of researchers. In an analysis of economic and demographic data from 2008 to 2014, the researchers found that a single extra poor mental health day in a month was associated with a 1.84 percent drop in the per capita real income growth rate, resulting in $53 billion less total income each year, said Stephan Goetz, professor of agricultural and regional economics, Penn State, and director of the Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.
Link found between bitter-taste sensitivity and cancer risk
July 18, 2018
High bitter-taste sensitivity is associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer in older British women, according to researchers who conducted a unique study of 5,500 women whose diet, lifestyle and health has been tracked for about 20 years.
Study sheds new light on forests' response to atmospheric pollution
July 12, 2018
How forests respond to elevated nitrogen levels from atmospheric pollution is not always the same. While a forest is filtering nitrogen as expected, a higher percentage than previously seen is leaving the system again as the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide, say researchers. "I think what we've described is a new example of how forests respond to high atmospheric inputs," said Jason Kaye, professor of biogeochemistry at Penn State.
$500,000 grant to focus on how rural innovation happens, how to inspire more
July 11, 2018
A Penn State economist will receive $500,000 over three years to study innovation in rural communities and find ways for communities to support rural entrepreneurs. The grant from the United States Department of Agriculture is aimed at better understanding and inspiring innovation in rural areas, said Stephan Goetz, professor of agricultural and regional economics, Penn State, and director of the Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.
Working together for global good: Penn State, Oxfam join forces
July 10, 2018
Developing lasting solutions to the problems of poverty, hunger and social injustice is the cornerstone of a new partnership between Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences and Oxfam America, the U.S. affiliate of Oxfam, the global organization working to end the injustice of poverty in 90 countries around the world.
Research aims to prevent deaths related to gypsum-laced manure emissions
July 5, 2018
Gypsum recycled from manufacturing and construction waste has gained popularity as a bedding source for the dairy industry. However, when gypsum — a source of sulfate — finds its way into low-oxygen manure-storage facilities via removal as soiled bedding, this innocuous product can turn into a deadly gas with a few moves of an agitation device, a dangerous threat that researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences believe can be counteracted with an additive.
Back to the future: Low-tech food-safety training still best for some audiences
July 2, 2018
While current training for food safety and sanitation usually incorporates high-technology presentations, such as videos and slide shows, there is still a need for low-tech approaches, according to Penn State researchers.
USDA, NIFA Announce Investments in Pollinator Health Research
June 29, 2018
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced 14 grants totaling approximately $10 million for research to help sustain healthy populations of pollinators, which are crucial to the nation’s food security and environmental health. The funding is made possible through NIFA’s Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) program, authorized by the 2014 Farm Bill. Among the awarded projects is Distinguished Professor of Entomology Christina Grozinger's research on adapting beekeeping practices to landscape-based stressors.
Gut microbes may partner with a protein to help regulate vitamin D
June 28, 2018
A collection of bacteria in the gut may use a cell-signaling protein to help regulate vitamin D, a key nutrient that, among other benefits, is involved with building and maintaining bones, according to a team of researchers. In a study on mice, researchers found that microbiota — a community of microorganisms in the gut that can help digest food and maintain immune function — may regulate the metabolism of endocrine vitamin D through a protein called fibroblast growth factor 23, or FGF 23, said Margherita T. Cantorna, distinguished professor of molecular immunology in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
Climate projections suggest Lancaster County corn yields in jeopardy by 2050
June 25, 2018
Climate projections indicate more warming will occur in the Northeast than other sections of the United States, and that has implications for corn crops and dairy farms in the region by 2050, researchers warn. While rising temperatures are not likely to cause serious reductions in corn crops in the northern and central parts of the Northeast, they threaten corn yields in the southern reaches of the region, according to Heather Karsten, associate professor of crop production ecology in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
'Nuru' becomes African farmers' newest ally against fall armyworm
June 25, 2018
Penn State researchers have joined forces with the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to release the first app, called Nuru, to help African farmers recognize fall armyworm — a new and fast-spreading crop pest in sub-Saharan Africa — so that they can take immediate steps to destroy it and curb its spread.
Scientists find evidence of 27 new viruses in bees
June 22, 2018
An international team of researchers has discovered evidence of 27 previously unknown viruses in bees. The finding could help scientists design strategies to prevent the spread of viral pathogens among these important pollinators.
Lanternfly's penchant for -- and potential to harm -- grapevines focus of study
June 14, 2018
The spotted lanternfly is starting to sour the grape and wine industries in southeastern Pennsylvania, and research underway in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences aims to spoil the invasive pest's party.
Analysis of post-recession job trends suggests existence of 'two Pennsylvanias'
June 11, 2018
An analysis of employment change in the state since 2001 suggests the existence of "two Pennsylvanias" during the period from 2001 to 2017, according to economists in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
Unique food-microbiology workshop offered to select visiting students
June 7, 2018
A faculty team in Penn State's Department of Food Science is offering a novel microbiology workshop in June and July to visiting college students from around the Commonwealth and Puerto Rico. The workshop, hosted by the College of Agricultural Sciences, will include nine students from seven Pennsylvania institutions — Gettysburg College, Juniata College, Lafayette College, La Roche College, Mount Aloysius College, Saint Vincent College and Shippensburg University — and five students from the University of Puerto Rico Mayagüez.
Dual-purpose wound dressing supported by $2 million NIH grant
June 5, 2018
Development of wound dressings made of semi-synthetic biomaterials will be the focus of a five-year, $2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.
Penn State scientists spotlight spotted lanternfly research on Capitol Hill
June 5, 2018
As the emergence of the spotted lanternfly continues to threaten portions of Pennsylvania’s agricultural industry, two researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences who are studying the invasive insects joined colleagues from more than 20 universities on Capitol Hill today (June 6) to show members of Congress and their staffs the importance of funding agricultural research.
Agricultural diversification: Empowering women in Cambodia with 'wild gardens'
June 5, 2018
There is no such thing as utopia when it comes to food security, as millions of people around the world have limited food resources. One of those places is Cambodia in Southeast Asia, one of the world's poorest countries, where the rural poverty rate is 24 percent, and 40 percent of children younger than 5 are chronically malnourished, making them vulnerable to significant health problems.
Oil and gas wastewater as dust suppressant less than ideal
June 4, 2018
At the least, wastewater from oil and gas drilling should be treated in a waste treatment facility before it is used on dirt roads to suppress dust or deice roads. At the best, affordable, nontoxic dust suppressants should be developed and used, according to a multidisciplinary team of researchers.
Doctoral Student in Plant Science Invited to Participate in Global Food Summit
May 30, 2018
Zachary Dashner, a doctoral student in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences, has been invited to take part in the U.S. Borlaug Summer Institute on Global Food Security in June at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana.
Climate change forced zombie ant fungi to adapt
May 29, 2018
Zombie ants clamp on to aerial vegetation and hang for months spewing the spores of their parasitic fungi, but researchers noticed that they do not always clamp on to the same part of the plant. Now the researchers know that the choice of leaves or twigs is related to climate and that climate change forced the fungi to adapt to local conditions.
Holsteins born at Penn State to improve genetic diversity are 'udderly' amazing
May 29, 2018
The six bundles of Holstein joy born at the Penn State Dairy Barns in April of last year — the outcome of a research project to improve genetic diversity in the breed — have garnered a fan following.
Mending the Gap
May 15, 2018
It’s such a simple gesture, a hand reaching out to stroke a cheek. Between friends and loved ones, it conveys caring, trust, tenderness. Between people who met just a few hours ago and who think they don’t have much in common, it can feel scary, threatening, too intimate.
Penn State Master Gardener programs promote pollinator populations
May 15, 2018
When it comes to the importance of bees, Connie Schmotzer does not mince words.
Altered body odor indicates malaria even if microscope doesn't
May 15, 2018
Typhoid Mary may have infected a hundred or more people, but asymptomatic carriers of malaria infect far more people every year through mosquito vectors. An international team of researchers is working toward a way to identify malaria patients including infected individuals who show no malaria symptoms through mosquito vectors.
Cocoa CRISPR: Gene editing shows promise for improving the 'chocolate tree'
May 15, 2018
Use of the powerful gene-editing tool CRISPR-Cas9 could help to breed cacao trees that exhibit desirable traits such as enhanced resistance to diseases, according to Penn State plant scientists.
Ten students and alumni named as Fulbright finalists for 2018-19
May 7, 2018
Ten Penn State students and alumni were selected as Fulbright finalists for the 2018-2019 academic year, according to the University Fellowships Office.
Virus inhibits immune response of caterpillars and plants
May 4, 2018
It is well known that certain wasps suppress the immune systems of their caterpillar hosts so they can successfully raise their young within those hosts. Now researchers at Penn State show that, in addition to suppressing caterpillar immune systems, wasps also suppress the defense mechanisms of the plants on which the caterpillars feed, which ensures that the caterpillars will continue to provide a suitable environment for the wasps' offspring.
Deer fawns more likely to survive in agricultural landscapes than forest
May 4, 2018
The cruel truth is that throughout the white-tailed deer's range only about half of all fawns live to see their first birthday — most are killed by predators. However, they have a much better chance of surviving if they are born in farmland rather than in forest, according to Penn State researchers, who collaborated with Pennsylvania Game Commission deer biologists.
Stoy G. and Della E. Sunday Program Support for Fruit Production Research
May 2, 2018
The purpose of this endowment shall be to enrich the College of Agricultural Sciences by providing monies for fruit production research.
Jeanne and Charles Rider Endowment for Support of Research on the Biotechnology of Food Crops
May 2, 2018
The purpose of this endowment shall be to support College of Agricultural Sciences faculty in their biotechnology research and teaching programs that give promise of improving upon food crop production and quality while protecting the quality and safety of the environment.