Summary of College Funding Sources

Current college funding levels with background information by source.

College of Agricultural Sciences
Estimated 2014/2015
Total All Sources = $187,041,926

FY14/15 College Funding Sources
*Increase represents changes in accounting processes (re: benefits), not net increase.

Funding Sources

The college budget comprises funding from many sources, but the core of our funding—the support for our personnel to accomplish agricultural research and extension—comes from state, federal, and county appropriated dollars as part of the land-grant partnership.

State Support for Agricultural Research and Extension

The state’s commitment to this partnership accounts for about 50% of that core funding. The State Research and State Extension pieces of the pie represent the state’s commitment to agricultural research and extension and fund researchers, extension educators, and staff—without which the other revenue sources could not exist. The people we hire with these funds then are able to seek extramural funding to support their programs, and they are exceptionally successful. (See Grant/Contracts/Gifts funding information below.)

State Support for Education

The Education piece of the pie funds undergraduate/graduate education in the college and includes approximately 12% state funding (through the Education & General, or E&G, line of the Penn State appropriation bill) and 88% tuition.

County Support for Extension

Penn State Extension has offices and provides programming in every county, and the county piece of the pie demonstrates the financial commitments the counties make to extension. The counties also provide in-kind support in the form of facilities and staffing support.

Federal Land-Grant Partnership Funding

The Federal portion of the pie represents the federal land-grant capacity (formula) funding for both research and extension, which by law mandates matching state appropriations and would disappear without state funding. The County piece of the pie demonstrates the financial commitments the counties make to extension.

Grants, Contracts, and Gifts

The researchers and educators funded by the state appropriations are able to compete for grant funding—mainly through federal agencies such as USDA—almost as large as the entire state contribution. While the current year’s budget shows a projected level of $66 million in Grants/Contracts/Gifts, in years past we brought in more than $80 million. These external funds largely are tax dollars from elsewhere in the United States coming to Pennsylvania to solve problems and create jobs. These funds then are leveraged to address Pennsylvania priorities, money that also would decrease due to reductions in personnel brought on by decreased state appropriations.

Return on Investment

Thus, Pennsylvania’s investment in agricultural research and extension programs reaps huge dividends for the state, both in direct dollars leveraged from other sources ($3.66 for every $1 invested by the state) and in economic impacts from research and extension programs that support agriculture (Penn State Extension-sponsored Marcellus Shale leasing programs alone have resulted in an additional $250 million to Pennsylvania landowners.)