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Pennsylvania Youth Institute Information

As part of the experience, the PSEAS program is partnering with the World Food Prize Foundation to offer the one day Pennsylvania Youth Institute. Each participant will be lead through the experience of researching critical global food security factors, leading to discussions of awareness and exchange of ideas with leaders and experts who are working to solve these real-world problems every day. Participants who complete the experience, will qualify for international internships, paid USDA fellowships and other exciting opportunities to fight hunger in collaboration with the World Food Prize Foundation. Participants will also receive a certificate of achievement and will be recognized as a Borlaug Scholar.

Choose one country from the following list for your research focus:

North Africa: Algria, Canary Islands (Spain), Egypt, Libya, Morocco (including Western Sahara), Tunisia

Central Africa: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sudan, South Sudan, Zambia

East Africa: Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar,   Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Reunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda

West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde islands, Côte d'Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea‐Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, São Tomé & Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, St. Helena (U.K.), Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Caribbean:  Anguilla  (U.K.),  Antigua  &  Barbuda,  Bahamas,  Barbados,  Bermuda (U.K.),  Cayman Islands (U.K.), Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique (France), Montserrat (U.K. , Netherlands Anti les, Puerto Rico (U.S.), St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Trinidad & Tobago, Turks & Caicos (U.K.), Virgin Islands (U.K., U.S.)

South America Tropical:   Bolivia,  Brazil,Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, French  Guiana, Guyana,  Paraguay,  Peru,   Suriname,

South America Temperate: Argentina, Chile, Falkland Islands (U.K.), Uruguay

Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama

Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

East Asia: China, Hong Kong S.A.R. (China), Japan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North), Republic of Korea (South), Macao S.A.R. (China), Mongolia, Taiwan

Southeast Asia: Brunei, Darussalam, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos), Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam

Central Asia: Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

Middle  East:  Bahrain,  Cyprus,  Iran, Iraq, Israel,  Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon,  Oman,  Qatar, Saudi  Arabia,  Syrian  Arab Republic, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen

Eastern Europe: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia/Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Ukraine, Russia,  Serbia,  Montenegro,  Slovakia

South Pacific: Christmas Island, Cook Island, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, French Polynesia (Tahiti), Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Pitcairn, Samoa, American Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Wake Island, Wallis & Futuna

Choose one Key Factors affecting Food Security:

  1. Plant Science Increasing crop yields and improving disease/drought resistance through research and breeding of improved plant varieties
  2. Water Scarcity Managing water scarcity and adapting farming practices to reduced water supplies with improved irrigation technologies and conservation practices
  3. Biofuels Balancing the demand on global food and energy supplies and ensuring that developing nations also benefit from the use of biofuel
  4. Animal Health Preventing the transmission of disease in livestock and poultry with improved management, investments in vaccine development, and proper application of medications to avoid antibiotic‐resistance
  5. Climate Volatility Responding to climate volatility by adapting agricultural practices and policies to increase carbon sequestration and support ecological resilience to erratic weather, rising temperatures/drought, saltwater intrusion, and shifting plant diseases and pest infestations
  6. Sustainable Agriculture Developing and implementing sustainable agricultural practices (no‐till, crop rotation, integrated pest management, etc.) to combat erosion, desertification and soil depletion and reduce pesticide/herbicide use and minimizing environmental degradation associated with industrial agricultural practices (improved animal waste disposal, conservation buffers, etc.)
  7. Animal Agriculture Implementing sustainable practices for raising livestock and poultry (management intensive grazing, integrated livestock/poultry grazing and poultry/vegetable production systems, fish pond farming systems, etc.)
  8. Spoilage & Waste Reducing spoilage and improving the quality and shelf life of food products with improved food preservation techniques and increased processing capacity (flash‐heating, aseptic processing, freeze drying, bulk storage, etc.
  9. Water & Sanitation Increasing access to safe, potable water supplies, toilets and pit latrines, and education on proper sanitation/hygiene and food preparation techniques to reduce the transmission of food and water‐borne disease
  10. Dietary Diseases Addressing obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and other dietary diseases through nutrition education, access to nutritious foods, and healthy behavior (dietary diversification, food selection, portion‐size control, exercise, etc.)
  11. Malnutrition Alleviating micronutrient deficiencies (iron, vitamin A, iodine, zinc) and protein‐ energy malnutrition through improved access to nutritious food, fortification, supplementation, school‐feeding programs, nutrition education, emergency therapeutic feeding, etc.
  12. Human Diseases Reducing the burden of illness and infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis (TB), Malaria, etc., to improve human health and nutrition and raise agricultural production
  13. Demographics Addressing the chal enges and opportunities posed by population growth and urbanization
  14. Conflict Resolution Preventing and resolving political and armed conflict with diplomatic initiatives
  15. Human Rights Addressing gender, cultural and economic discrimination and improving access to credit and securing property rights for the poor and marginalized
  16. Education Investing in education, training and extension for improved implementation of agricultural research and technology
  17. Good Governance Reducing corruption by promoting the rule of law, government accountability, democratic principles and transparency
  18. International Trade Removing discriminatory international trade policies to improve market access, promote fair trade and increase economic development
  19. Foreign Aid Assisting vulnerable populations and improving the effectiveness of humanitarian relief and food aid in conflict zones and disaster sites
  20. Farm to Market Improving access to markets through infrastructure development (roads and railways, internet, mobile technologies, electricity)