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PPEM 300 Syllabus

PPEM 300: Horticultural Crop Diseases is an online course providing an introduction to the basic concepts and practices of Plant Pathology.  Students learn how to recognize and diagnose plant diseases, and how to avoid and manage disease development.

Personal feedback is provided on assignments and other questions.  The web-based format allows students to access module readings and complete assignments independently, on their own schedule, at home or elsewhere.  Students may tailor many assignments to their specific plant interests and locations.

Instructor

Nancy G. Wenner

Nancy G. Wenner Senior Research Assistant & Instructor
Phone (Office):  814-865-0717
Fax:  814-863-7217 (Main office Fax, so attn.: to Nancy Wenner)

Office address: 116 Buckhout Laboratory.  Office visits or phone calls may be scheduled through Canvas email contact.

Phone hours: 6 am to 2:30 pm; Please leave voice mail message. Canvas Email is preferred. 

E-mail:  Please use Canvas Inbox for all class communications and assignments, or to arrange phone or office appointments.

Responsibilities

Nancy Wenner has been conducting research in Plant Pathology for 36 years on conifers, grapes, wheat, and other crops.  She holds a BS in Horticulture, an MS in Plant Pathology, and has worked in County Extension, as well as in the greenhouse, nursery, & landscape business.  Research projects often keep her in the laboratory, so it is best to contact her via Canvas e-mail to pose questions or discuss aspects of the course.  Phone calls or office visits can be arranged as needed via Canvas email.

Course Description

Plant pathology is a multidisciplinary branch of biology that studies plant diseases. Plants, the environment, and pathogens interact over time to effect disease development.  Students will learn what to look for in diagnosing plant problems, and what treatments or management strategies will be useful to employ, and why. 

PPEM 300 can be followed by more in-depth courses in plant-microbe interactions, mycology, nematology, phytobacteriology, air pollution impacts on terrestrial ecology, or forest pathology. 

The course is recommended for plant focused majors in Plant Sciences, Horticulture, Landscape Management, Urban Forestry, and many others, but is also appropriate for non-plant majors, who are simply interested in growing healthy plants.  Students customize the course by choosing plant materials of interest for diagnostic exercises and the student report.  There are no course pre-requisites, but general recognition of common garden plants in the Northeastern US is needed because the ability to identify the host plant is extremely helpful in diagnosis. (Can you recognize oaks, maples, crabapples, pines, dogwood, lilac, roses, pachysandra, grapes, marigold, tomato, cucumber, etc.?)  Please contact the instructor if there are any questions regarding suitability.

PPEM 300 is composed of instructional online Modules, richly illustrated with pictorial and video descriptions in the ‘Canvas’ course management system.  No textbook is required.  The course can be completed through the web based Modules, the supplemental resources provided, and links to online references.

Weekly assignments typically include reading/watching the Modules, supplemental linked readings, taking a quiz, and submitting one or two assignments.  Assignments may be virtual lab experiments or plant diagnostic exercises, submitted via the web in the Canvas system.  There is one student-customized Plant Disease Assessment Report (PDAR), due the Monday after the Thanksgiving break.  The course includes 5 quizzes, and a partially-comprehensive final exam, all administered in the web based format.

Plant diseases have significant influences on plant aesthetics, economics, edibility, and viability. The influence that plant pathogens have had on world history and their roles in modern national and international trade, bio-security, and natural environments are discussed.  Students will gain an appreciation of the significant impact that horticultural crop diseases can have on society and the environment, including how global trade of horticultural crops has resulted in the spread of pathogens important to agricultural crops and native plants.

Course Objectives

Students will learn:

  • the many causes of plant diseases
  • how plants, the environment, and biotic and abiotic agents interact over time during disease development
  • to diagnose and learn how to manage key diseases of horticultural crops
  • how to assess the threat of disease, and to determine plant management strategies
  • an appreciation of the economic and social impact that plant diseases have on horticultural crops, including how the world trade of these crops can result in the global spread of pathogens important to other agricultural crops, forest production and native plants in the environment.

Course Requirements

  • Internet connection for accessing course material, correspondence with instructor, taking quizzes & tests, and uploading assignments with original photographs.
  • Phone camera or regular digital camera. Students must submit original photographs as part of their assignments. (Nothing fancy is needed, just a steady hand for good focus!)

Recommended (but NOT required) Course Materials:

  • Hand lens or other magnifying device (nothing expensive needed; any portable hand lens is fine; 15-20x) to better examine plant diseases for diagnosis.
  • Plant diagnostic reference(s) according to student curriculum emphasis or other personal interests. (optional)

Photography for PPEM 300

Basic photography is required for PPEM 300, and most students use the cameras on their cell phones, or inexpensive digital cameras.  Using a close-up setting is very useful to capture the disease signs and symptoms.  Avoid blurry photos by using a steady hand and patience in finding a non-windy time/location with bright indirect lighting to avoid glare.

*If using cell phone cameras, be aware that students have lost their photos as a result of software upgrades.  Some students have had to retake all class photos as a result of phone photo losses.  Students are required to take original photos, and are not permitted to share images.  To avoid problems, download or send your photos to your own email address often, and keep them in a separate PPEM 300 photo file for safe-keeping – do this before you upgrade your phone software.

NOTE:  All PPEM 300 photos must be the student’s original images.  Any use of internet images or will result in an immediate “0” for the assignment, and an Academic Integrity report, as posted in the PSU Academic Integrity policy.

Course Prerequisites

There are no official course prerequisites, but it is assumed that the student will have:

  • a general biology course in high school or in college is assumed.
  • a general recognition of common local garden plants in the northeastern U.S.  

Formal plant identification is not required, but a basic familiarity with common yard and garden plants is needed to make plant diagnoses.  Students usually ‘Google’ to learn the genus of a common plant, if unknown.  For example, students may ‘Google’ the plant ‘lilac’ to find that the genus name they need is “Syringa.”

Class Reading is intense in the first two months of the course to provide students more information to complete foliar diagnosis assignments before plants incur frost.  The latter part of the semester permits more time for work on PDAR and late term woody plant diagnoses.

Course Email

Please always correspond via Canvas Inbox.

Communication via the Course Management System (CMS), Canvas, is necessary to keep all course references together for both student and instructor.  Although Canvas email can be forwarded to another email address to be received and read, please, always, Always REPLY DIRECTLY THROUGH CANVAS.  Students who attempt to reply via a forwarded email address may find that the instructor never received those inquiries.  The instructor will always request direct correspondence via Canvas Inbox.

Grading

Points Assignment / Evaluation – Please USE the Templates provided for all assignments.
100 points

Plant Disease Assessment Report (Student customized report) 

  • Proposal (Location/description/photo) = 0/100 points
  • 1st Draft PDAR = 10/100 points (Late = "0")
  • Final PDAR = 90 points (Late = "0")
150 points 5 Quizzes @ 30 points (45 minutes maximum length; open book, 14-16 questions)
50 points 2 lab reports (online) @ 25 points
100 points 5 Disease Diagnosis Exercises @ 20 points
100 points Final exam (online during finals week)
*50 BONUS points 5 Bonus Disease Diagnosis OPTIONAL exercises @ 10 points  *See below.
500

Total - Grade is based on the number of points earned out of 500.

No Grades are dropped, and there are no grade curves.
Students can always estimate their progress by adding their accumulated points.

*50 points - 5 OPTIONAL Bonus disease diagnosis exercises @ 10 points
Optional bonus points are added to the accumulated total.

*5 points extra will be awarded to everyone in the class at the end of the course IF 90% of the SRTE forms (Student Rating of Teaching Effectiveness) are returned. Instructors do not have access to view student SRTE responses until the following semester, so students are not penalized in any way for providing honest evaluations.  Student suggestions are essential for providing annual improvements for this course!

Lab Experiment Reports are online and worth 25 points apiece. 
Students must complete reports individually and may not share answers or work collaboratively.

Assignment late submission policy:  It is recommended to submit assignments on time to keep up with class readings and progress.  The last possible submission date for the two Lab Reports, the five Diagnoses Exercises, or the five Optional Bonus Exercises is Monday Week 13 at 11:59 pm.

The PLANT DISEASE ASSESSMENT REPORT (PDAR) is the student’s opportunity to customize the course content by evaluating a horticultural ‘planted’ location of their choice:  nursery/greenhouse/garden/park/home.  This is the capstone assignment for this course requiring students to utilize what they have learned.

  • Students should read the instructions and begin to think about their site selection during the first week of class.  The PDAR Instructions and a PDAR Template Example are located in Module 1.

  • The student must turn in their PDAR_Template with location/description/photo proposal by Tuesday Week 3 for instructor approval.  Unapproved topics will not be graded.

  • The 1st Draft of the PDAR is due Monday Week 9, and will be critiqued by the instructor and returned to the student for completion of the final PDAR Report.  The 1st Draft MUST be submitted on time and should indicate that progress has been made on the assignment.  There are no late assignments accepted.  Late = “0.”

  • The Final PDAR Report is due Monday Week 14.  
    Note:  this is due the Monday after Thanksgiving break; please plan accordingly. There are no late assignments accepted.  Late = “0.”

*Please see the grading Rubrics for the PDAR Proposal, 1st Draft, and the Final Report to see where points are earned and lost.

*The dates for the 1st Draft and Final PDAR are firm.  Late = “0”

*This assignment is worth 100 points; 20% of your grade, so plan time to prepare your work and show what you have learned.

Grading Scale (no grade curves)

Letter Grade

Percentage of total points

Lowest number of points earning the letter grade
93-100 465
A- 90-92 450
B+ 87-89 435
B 83-86 415
B-  80-82 400
C+  77-79 385
70-76 350
60-69 300
F < 59 295

Quiz Policy

Five quizzes are given online during a specified, scheduled time frame.  For example, quizzes are ‘opened’ for student access for 2 days (typically, Tues. 8 am to Wed. until 11:59 pm), during which the student may select a convenient time to complete the 45-minute long interval, open-book, quiz.  Students must read the Modules in advance to complete the Quizzes in the 45-minute interval.  The quizzes are “open book,” worth 30 points each, and composed of approximately 14-16 questions.  The quizzes and exam are to be taken individually, and are not a team activity.  Any sharing or teamwork from nearby computers can result in a “0” grade for both parties and Academic Integrity reports.

Suggestion:  Mark your calendar to remember to take the 5 Quizzes!

It is the student’s responsibility to contact the instructor in order to arrange a time to make up a missed quiz within 1 week of missing the quiz.  Failure to contact the instructor to arrange the make-up may forfeit the grade.

  1. Quiz #1:  30 points; Modules 1-2 -Week 2
  2. Quiz #2:  30 points; Modules 3-4 Week 4
  3. Quiz #3:  30 points; Modules 5-6 - Week 6
  4. Quiz #4:  30 points; Modules 7-9 - Week 8
  5. Quiz #5:  30 points; Modules 10-13 - Week 12

Please note that it is not possible to pass this course just by taking the quizzes. All other assignments must be completed satisfactorily as well.

Final Exam policy:

A 100-point Final Exam will be given during finals week.  The online Final Exam is [partially] comprehensive, and will be given in a specified, scheduled time frame similar to how the quizzes are administered.  The Final Exam is given in the same open-book manner as the quizzes, and is computer graded.

Tentatively scheduled for Sun-Tue Week 16.  Dates will be finalized later in the semester.

Students must take the Final Exam individually and may not share answers or work collaboratively.

Course Schedule

Refer to the Course Summary page in Canvas for a list of important dates and assignment deadlines.

Course History and Additional Information

PPEM 300 was designed and originally taught from 2007-2014 by Dr. Gary Moorman (now retired) to be a service course for students in horticulture who planned to work directly in the production or maintenance of woody ornamental, floricultural, vegetable, or fruit crops.  However, the content is also of interest to the student who grows plants for enjoyment, or who wishes to better understand the causes and control of factors involved in poor plant health. This course addresses practical issues in agriculture and the environment and may interest those students in other disciplines such as genetics, biochemistry, microbiology, meteorology, botany, entomology, nematology, and soil science. This is an introductory-level course and can be used by students to evaluate their interest in registering for additional courses in plant pathology, entomology, or other plant-health related courses.

The intended and unintended influences that governmental regulations and international agreements can have on the spread of plant pathogens and understanding of the complexity of the disease process will prepare students to better judge the threat of bio-terrorism to agriculture, the environment, and society in general. 

Website

Canvas: http://canvas.psu.edu/

PSU Policies

Log-In Policy

Students are expected to log-in regularly to keep up-to date with announcements, discussions, etc. The class will progress at a regular pace throughout the semester and there are specific due dates and times for assignments, etc.

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is the pursuit of scholarly activity in an open, honest and responsible manner. Academic integrity is a basic guiding principle for all academic activity at The Pennsylvania State University, and all members of the University community are expected to act in accordance with this principle. Consistent with this expectation, students should act with personal integrity, respect other students' dignity, rights and property, and help create and maintain an environment in which all can succeed through the fruits of their efforts. Academic integrity includes a commitment not to engage in or tolerate acts of falsification, misrepresentation or deception. Such acts of dishonesty violate the fundamental ethical principles of the University community and compromise the worth of work completed by others (see Faculty Senate Policy 49-20G-9 Procedures and the Code of Conduct).

Read the Academic Integrity Guidelines for the College of Agricultural Sciences

A lack of knowledge or understanding of the University’s Academic Integrity policy and the types of actions it prohibits and/or requires does not excuse one from complying with the policy. Penn State and the College of Agricultural Sciences take violations of academic integrity very seriously. Faculty, alumni, staff and fellow students expect each student to uphold the University’s standards of academic integrity both inside and outside of the classroom.

Copyright Notice

All course materials students receive or to which students have online access are protected by copyright laws. Students may use course materials and make copies for their own use as needed, but unauthorized distribution and/or uploading of materials without the instructor’s express permission is strictly prohibited. University Policy AD 40, the University Policy Recording of Classroom Activities and Note Taking Services addresses this issue. Students who engage in the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials may be held in violation of the University’s Code of Conduct, and/or liable under Federal and State laws.

Accommodations for Persons with Disabilities

Penn State welcomes students with disabilities into the University’s educational programs. Every Penn State campus has an office for students with disabilities. The Student Disability Resources Web site provides contact information for every Penn State campus. For further information, please visit the Student Disability Resources Web site.

In order to receive consideration for reasonable accommodations, you must contact the appropriate disability services office at the campus where you are officially enrolled, participate in an intake interview, and provide documentation. If the documentation supports your request for reasonable accommodations, your campus’s disability services office will provide you with an accommodation letter. Please share this letter with your instructors and discuss the accommodations with them as early in your courses as possible. You must follow this process for every semester that you request accommodations.

Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS)

Penn State staff  works with thousands of students per year in group therapyindividual counselingcrisis intervention, and psychiatric services as well as providing prevention, outreach, and consultation services for the University community. Services at CAPS are designed to enhance students' ability to fully benefit from the University environment and academic experience.

Staff at CAPS can help students address concerns in a caring and supportive environment. CAPS can help students resolve personal concerns that may interfere with their academic progress, social development, and satisfaction at Penn State. Some of the more common concerns include anxiety, depression, difficulties in relationships (friends, roommates, or family); sexual identity; lack of motivation or difficulty relaxing, concentrating or studying; eating disorders; sexual assault and sexual abuse recovery; and uncertainties about personal values and beliefs. For more information, please visit the Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) website.

Accommodations for Military Personnel

Veterans and currently serving military personnel and/or spouses with unique circumstances (e.g., upcoming deployments, drill/duty requirements, disabilities, VA appointments, etc.) are welcome and encouraged to communicate these, in advance if possible, to the instructor in the case that special arrangements need to be made.

Use of Trade Names

Where trade names are used, no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by the World Campus, Outreach and Cooperative Extension, the College of Agricultural Sciences, or The Pennsylvania State University is implied.

Subject to Change Statement

Please note that this Course Syllabus is subject to change. Students are responsible for abiding by such changes.